Extensive answers to master Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT) interview questions

ISACA offers the IT governance credential CGEIT (CGEIT) to those in management and leadership roles. It is intended to assist professionals in broadening their knowledge and competencies in enterprise Information Technology governance. The major role of such certified professionals is to oversee the governance of the entire company. CGEIT Certification holders also manage IT investments with the knowledge and procedures required to integrate IT with business strategy and maximize return on investments.

Professionals can enhance their reputation with peers and management by obtaining a CGEIT accreditation. Additionally, it distinguishes them from the pool of regular IT professionals, making it easier for businesses to identify them and offer CGEIT job opportunities. So if you attend a CGEIT job interview you need to prepare well to face them. In order to assist in this preparation, we have compiled a list of commonly asked CGEIT interview questions along with sample answers. Lets us take a peek into the most commonly asked questions.

An effective compliance program demonstrates that a company has taken the necessary precautions to ensure that laws, rules, and regulations are followed. Some key elements of an effective compliance program include a written code of conduct and policies, a designated compliance officer, proper channels of communication, effective education and training, and internal monitoring and auditing.

This question is asked during the interview to gauge CGEIT professionals’ skills in problem-solving and client interaction. Candidates can explain they would handle the scenario and what actions they would take to make sure that their customer is aware of the risk and adopts a strategy to reduce it.

A compliance officer must be innovative to find solutions to compliance challenges. They need to be adept at addressing problems in order to identify solutions to adhere to rules without adversely affecting the organization's operations. Moral integrity is essential in this position since the officer must comprehend and emphasize the value of abiding by laws and regulations.

There are several techniques to monitor compliance. These include reviewing permits, inspecting credentialization and training, ensuring to perform pre-activity approvals, and reviewing checklists, recorded customer calls and transactions. Professionals can further explain two or three techniques in detail.

The efficacy of risk management can be hampered by cultural factors and dysfunctional behavior, which can also encourage unnecessary risk-taking or undermine established procedures and rules. Ineffective risk management may be hampered by factors including lack of openness, conflicts of interest, a shoot-the-messenger culture, and uneven incentive systems.

During an IT audit, a business should consider critical general management concerns and policies into account. It should also emphasize system and network security, authentication and authorization, security architecture and design, and physical security. Continuity planning and disaster recovery should also be the main focus of an organization's IT audit, in line with best practices for risk management.

If there is a significant software release in the nearby future, CGEIT professionals will monitor the number of open P1 problems in the pre-production environment. If there is an issue with service delivery, he/she checks the daily service level, downtime, or the number of occurrences. Additionally, CGEIT certified tracks consumer transactions if the sales system has issues.

This question helps the interviewer know CGEIT professionals’ experience in working with stakeholders. In addition, it helps them to understand their ability to work with them in constructing a business information security risk management program that addresses their needs. Certification holders conduct meetings with stakeholders to establish to build a risk management program. He/ she also discusses different ways by which data needs to be protected.

CGEIT certified are responsible for the processes for managing, evaluating, and assessing how well the agency is managing its IT resources. He or she needs to be capable of leading a team toward organizational success and implementing cutting-edge technological solutions. The skills include software development management, project management, strategic planning, leadership and network, and relationship building. CGEIT professionals two or three skills in depth while answering this question.

An IT audit is essential to ensure that your system is not vulnerable to any attacks. Internal IT practices and activities of the organization that is being audited are referred to as the IT environment. The important areas of the IT environment for planning IT audits include control environment, control procedures, detection risk assessment, control risk assessment, and equate total risk.

Three elements of the IT governance framework are governance principles, governance structure, and governance process.
  • Governance principles are the guiding principles by which all IT initiatives will be governed.
  • Governance structure refers to the roles and responsibilities of the major stakeholders in the decision-making process for IT governance, including committees and organizational components at the branch level.
  • Governance process refers to the various stages required to review, assess and approve or reject new IT initiatives.

CGEIT professionals can discuss how they will use their skills and knowledge to face challenges. The response can be biggest challenges in this position are managing the risks, raising awareness about Cybersecurity, and creating security programs while adhering to compliances and regulations. They will effectively utilize their skills and experience to meet challenges effectively and have the flexibility to handle a challenging job.

This query aids the interviewer in assessing the level of risk management expertise of CGEIT certified individuals. Candidates may reply that there are several different types of risks and that each one requires a unique approach to management. Businesses must ensure that their staff members are competent in risk management. It is more probable that risky situations won't arise if everyone is aware of the company's risk management procedures. Any new law or regulation takes time to get into compliance with. The organization takes months- or years-long endeavor to become compliant with the requirements. CGEIT certified professionals might respond that he/she are in charge of supervising the compliance procedure from beginning to end. He/she may also describe how he/she keeps track of a new compliance project from planning to successful execution.

A Chief Information Officer (CIO) is a corporate executive responsible for the information technology and information systems that support enterprise goals. They play a crucial leadership role in the crucial strategic, technical, and managerial activities from information security and algorithms to customer experience and exploiting data that reduce risks and promote corporate expansion. CGEIT professionals should portray their understanding of CIO and the necessary tasks one would perform if they are being appointed for this position.

A security risk assessment identifies and implements security controls in applications. CGEIT professionals handle these tasks by determining information value, identifying and prioritizing assets identifying cyber threats, identifying vulnerabilities, analyzing controls and implementing new controls, calculating the impact of various scenarios on a per-year basis, and documenting results in the risk assessment report.

Risk assessments are an important part of any business’s security strategy because they help organizations identify potential threats and develop plans for mitigating those risks. So businesses should perform regular risk assessments on a yearly basis. This allows them to regularly evaluate their current security measures and make adjustments as needed.

Prior to conducting an IT audit, it is necessary to assess the IT infrastructure to ensure proper support for key areas. Examining the IT environment for an IT audit might help organizations solve issues with change management, business continuity, disaster recovery, and access security.

Readable data is transformed into an unreadable format using both hashing and encryption. The key distinction is that hashed data cannot be processed back to the original data whereas encrypted data may be decrypted to return to the original data.

CGEIT experts can discover whether network ports are open, listening, or closed by doing a port scan. They utilize this to evaluate the effectiveness of the firewall and network security. It is a well-liked reconnaissance tool for hackers to find a system's weak spot. UDP, Ping scan, TCP connect, TCP half-open, and Stealth scanning are some of the port scanning methods that can be elaborated on by experts.

Interviewers may ask this question to evaluate how well CGEIT professionals handled conflicts in previous roles. It also helps them to know how he/she handled it in their organization. Professionals can answer this question by describing a specific conflict, how he/she handled it, and its results.

A Man-In-The-Middle attack occurs when a hacker stands in between a person and a website. The hacker listens in on the two parties' conversations. An individual then assumes another person's identity and presents the data transfer to the other parties as usual. The goal is to manipulate the data, get login details for communication sabotage, or steal personal data. Here are a few strategies for avoiding a MITM attack, implementing a well-built Intrusion Detection System (IDS), strong WEP/WPA encryption on access points, public key pair-based authentication, and a virtual private network.

Stored XSS, also known as persistent XSS, occurs when a malicious script injection is permanently stored on a target’s server. The code that will be maliciously injected into a user’s session resides on the webserver. On the other hand, reflected XSS occurs when a web application accepts input from a user and then immediately renders that data back to the user in an unsafe way. It occurs when a malicious injection affects a user directly.

Cognitive cybersecurity is a technique for transforming human-like mental processes into Artificial Intelligence technology that may be utilized in cyber security to identify security issues. Its purpose is to teach the cognitive system of human knowledge so that it may function as a self-learning system. This makes it easier to recognize dangers, evaluate their implications, and implement defensive measures.

This query aids the interviewer in assessing the level of risk management expertise of CGEIT certified individuals. Candidates may reply that there are several different types of risks and that each one requires a unique approach to management. Businesses must ensure that their staff members are competent in risk management. It is more probable that risky situations won't arise if everyone is aware of the company's risk management procedures.

SQL injection also referred to as SQLI, is a common attack method that employs malicious SQL code to manipulate backend databases and access data that was not meant to be displayed. This information may include any number of items, including sensitive company data, user lists, or private customer details. A company's data integrity is compromised as a result of this attack since the attacker can add, alter, and remove records from the database.

I participate in industry publications, journals, magazines, webinars, conferences, and seminars that address IT governance and related subjects. Engage in online communities and forums professionals exchange expertise and talk about current concerns. In addition, I attend training related to IT governance to keep updated on industry standards, regulations, and emerging trends.

The components of an Information Security Governance Framework, Policies and Procedures, Risk Management, Compliance, Technology, People and Roles. These form the foundation of an effective Information Security Governance Framework.

Yes, a cyber risk audit is a procedure used to determine and evaluate any threats to the data and information systems of an organization. It delves deeply into an organization's internal IT systems to identify risks and weaknesses.

Candidates can explain their past experience in Information Risk Management. If not, they can explain it as the policies, practices, and technology that an organization uses to lessen the risks, weaknesses, and potential outcomes of not protecting data. Information assets' availability, confidentiality, and integrity are safeguarded by information risk management.

The types of policies and procedures the organization could implement for information security are access control policies, data classification, password management and incident response plan.

Consequence management refers to the processes and strategies put in place to effectively handle and minimize the repercussions of a cyberattack. It consists of steps done to mitigate security breaches, deal with their consequences, and facilitate the recovery of affected systems and data.

Stakeholders in cybersecurity are individuals, groups, or entities that have an interest or concern in the security of information systems and data. Stakeholders are Top-level executives, Chief Information Security Officer, IT Department, End Users, and Shareholders.

The process of identifying, evaluating, and comprehending the interests, influence, and impact of different people, organizations, or other entities involved in or impacted by cybersecurity activities within an organization is known as stakeholder analysis in the field of cybersecurity.

The practice of monitoring an organization's IT assets across their entire duration, from acquisition to disposal, is known as IT Asset Lifecycle Management. It supports lowering expenses, policy and regulation compliance, asset utilization optimization, and return on investment maximization.

The stages of IT Asset Lifecycle Management are Strategy and development of IT assets, Onboarding and integration of IT assets, Active security management of IT assets, and Safe disposal and archiving of IT assets.

Denial-of-service (DoS) aims to bring down a computer or network so that the intended users cannot use it. These attacks work by overloading or flooding a targeted computer with requests until regular traffic cannot be handled, causing more users to experience a denial of service.

A firewall is a type of security device for networks that maintains and filters incoming and outgoing network traffic with security policies that have previously been set up inside an organization. All network traffic is to be blocked by them, except that which the user permits.

Chief Information Security Officers, Security Analysts, Security Engineers, Incident Response Team Members, and End Users have various roles that help ensure that IT operations operate in alignment with the goals of the company, efficiently manage risks, and conform to the relevant regulations.

Yes, risk report plays a major role in Cybersecurity. Cyber risk report is a written summary of the threats to an organization's cybersecurity. It includes Potential threats, vulnerabilities, and the efficacy of current security procedures. The report provides an overview of the cybersecurity situation at the company and aids in decision-making about risk-reduction strategies.

A cyber incident response plan is a documented set of guidelines that describes how your company would react in the event of a security incident, cyberattack, data leak, or breach. The plan reduces the impact of a cybersecurity event on the company's operations, data, and reputation while also minimizing damage and recovery time and cost.

The process of making network-related decisions based on effective security measures and change monitoring is known as change management. Change management enables the effective execution of cybersecurity efforts.

The different types of Firewalls Packet filtering, Proxy Service Firewall, Stateful Inspection, Next-Generation Firewall, Unified Threat Management (UTM) Firewall, and Threat-Focused NGFW.

Data breaches, Data leaks, Ransomware, Man-in-the-middle attacks, Social engineering, OPSEC failures, Corporate espionage, Email spoofing, Domain hijacking, Typosquatting and Denial of service (DoS).

The cyber incident response lifecycle includes Preparation, Identification, Containment, Eradication, Recovery, and Lessons learned.

Unified Threat Management (UTM) firewalls protect users from security threats in a simplified way by combining several security features and services into a single network device or service. A UTM firewall is a software or security appliance that integrates several security technologies to shield data and networks from a variety of threats.

A proxy firewall, sometimes called an application firewall or a gateway firewall, limits the applications that a network can support, which increases security levels but can affect functionality and speed. It prevents networks from interacting with other systems directly.

Social engineering is a non-technical technique that hackers employ to take advantage of psychological weaknesses in people. The different social engineering attack techniques Baiting, Scareware, Pretexting, Phishing, and Spear phishing.

The act of sending emails using a fictitious sender's address is known as email spoofing. When attackers alter emails to seem like authentic senders, this is known as email spoofing. Email spoofing is a common tactic used in business email breaches, spear-phishing, and phishing scams to trick users into thinking the email is from a reliable source.

Phishing is an attempt to get private information to use or sell it. This information is usually in the form of usernames, passwords, credit card numbers, bank account information, or other critical data. It is an act of sending phony emails that seem to be from a reliable source.

Cryptography is a fundamental building block of cybersecurity, which uses codes to secure communications and information so that only the intended recipient can decipher and process it. The different types of Cryptographic Algorithms are Symmetric Key Cryptography, Hash Functions, and Asymmetric Key Cryptography.