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Ceremonies in Agile

agile scrum ceremonies
Agile Ceremonies

Agile Ceremonies

Agile ceremonies refer to the meetings conducted while carrying out projects to determine whether the goals of the project are being achieved. The ceremonies in agile are part of the agile scrum framework and are designed around a single term known as sprint. Sprint or iterations refer to a sequence of activities that have to be carried out within a specific time period. Each sprint is carried out for a period of 2 to 4 weeks. The ceremonies are facilitated to ensure that the whole project team is on the same page while carrying out a project.

Agile ceremonies cannot be conducted in an isolated manner. The entire agile team needs to be involved within the ceremony to encourage communication. This further pave the way to accomplish the goals of a project whilst delivering business value. The ceremonies are carried out by different scrum roles. Let us have a look at the scrum roles involved in agile ceremonies.

Scrum Roles in Agile Ceremonies

The following three scrum roles play a major role in conducting the agile ceremonies.

Product owner

This role is carried out by a person who represents the client. Product owners are responsible to create user stories and take decisions for the product being worked on. In addition, product owners engage in converting customer needs into activities for the team.

Scrum master

Scrum masters act as facilitators during the agile ceremony. They are responsible for setting up the meetings, besides performing the role of a project manager. During the agile ceremony, a scrum master is required to determine the progress of the project along with the obstacles being faced.

Development team

The development team is created to carry out the activities on a daily basis. It is a term given to developers, designers, and other technical members required for the project. The team indulges in completing the deliverable required for developing a product.

4 scrum ceremonies
Scrum roles involved in agile ceremonies

Agile Scrum Ceremonies

Let us have a look at the 4 scrum ceremonies that are conducted by organizations using the agile scrum framework.

4 scrum ceremonies:

Sprint planning

Sprint planning is designated as the first ceremony that is carried out before the beginning of a new sprint. It is attended by the product owner, scrum master, and the development team. The duration of the sprint planning ceremony depends on the time required to complete a particular sprint. As a result, if the sprint is carried out for a week, the time allocated for sprint planning ceremony should be no more than 2 hours.

During this meeting, questions like “what has to be delivered in this sprint?” and “how can it be achieved?” have to be answered. Without getting answers to this question, sprint planning ceremony is incomplete. Also, the members attending this meeting need to determine whether any discrepancies occur while performing the tasks of the sprint.

Daily scrum

Daily meetings or daily scrum helps the team to plan their work for the day. During this meeting, the development team and scrum master meet up to discuss the solution for three specific questions. They are:

  • What work was completed yesterday?
  • What is the plan of action for today?
  • Are there any obstacles to completing today’s action plan?

Every team member of this meeting is required to communicate effectively during this meeting. Daily scrum enables team members to work together to achieve their respective course of action by the end of the day.

Sprint review

This scrum ceremony is held at the end of sprint. During this meeting, the development team can showcase their goals accomplished for the sprint. Sprint review is designed to demonstrate the work completed. The team need not engage in proving the work completed during the sprint. Rather, the meeting should reflect on the progress of the project.

The meeting is attended by the development team, scrum master, product owner, and stakeholders. This ceremony should focus on delivering business value while designing the product as per the needs of the client.

Sprint retrospective

This meeting is considered as the final ceremony among the agile scrum ceremonies. Sprint retrospective assists the development team and the scrum master to look back on the work accomplished. During this meet, the team analyses what could have been improved while performing the tasks. The team also engages in comparing this sprint to the previous sprint to analyze what went well.

It is important to note that this ceremony should avoid becoming a platform for members blaming each other. It should be designed to rely on honest feedback and suggestions for improvement. Usually, this ceremony is designed to last for 1 hour for sprint that lasts for a week.


Scrum ceremonies are designed to be implemented on projects irrespective of the product and tools used for developing the product. The ceremonies are designed to bring the team together while working on a project. Individuals willing to broaden their knowledge on agile scrum frameworks can pursue PMI’s Agile Certified Practitioner Training. With PMI-ACP Certification, professionals can master the skills to lead agile projects and gain a comprehensive understanding of Agile methodology.

Posted in Agile, Project Management

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