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Why is Environmental Audit Important?

Have you ever wondered about the purpose behind an organization’s environmental audits? The rationale is that certain projects that companies undertake may contain risks that could have an effect on the environment. This necessitates companies to perform a systematic assessment to evaluate a business’s environmental responsibility, known as environmental audit. It also aids in providing protection against environmental damage along with lowering health risks to human health. So let us examine the significance of Environmental Audit in detail.

ISO 14001-Environmental Audit

What is an Environmental Audit?

Environmental audit is a method used to identify, classify, and manage environmental and sustainability issues. It is used to evaluate certain operational processes and areas of operation for efficacy and adherence to environmental laws and regulations. The audit focuses on any hazards or threats the business might pose. It further examines the environmental policies and practices of the organization, energy usage patterns, recycling, waste management, energy conservation, and pollution. The organization utilizes these findings to decide what modifications are required for compliance.

Professionals that hold ISO 14001 Foundation Certification conduct environmental audits. The main objective of an environmental audit are as follows: 

  • Evaluate the type and degree of environmental and human health risks which result from garbage, pollution, polluted land, or any other activity.
  • Promote environmental policies within the organization and make sure they are followed.
  • Suggest actions to reduce the risk of harm to the environment or human health
  • Determine how well the business complies with all relevant laws, rules, and regulations.
  • Create a performance-based framework for the design and creation of an environmental management system.

What are the types of Environmental Audits?

The three primary types of Environmental Audits that an organization does are as follows:

  • Environmental Compliance
  • Environmental Management System (EMS) audits
  • Functional environmental audits

Environmental Compliance Audit: The Environmental Compliance Audit is the most common type of audit performed by businesses. It assesses a business’s environmental performance and environmental responsibility practices. Conducting such audits evaluate whether the business has met all relevant legal and regulatory standards, including the ISO standard for Environmental Management Systems. The requirements for such audits depend on the operations carried out by businesses. These audits are necessary to get certain licenses or to obtain authorizations for various environments. The environmental compliance audit is the most comprehensive and expensive audit.

Environmental Management Audit:  The goal of this audit is to assess the effectiveness of the management systems. It confirms whether the organization has met the environmental goals, standards, and performance requirements established by management. An environmental management audit examines the sustainability of the EMS and identifies new prospects for it. It also identifies the EMS’s areas for development. Additionally, this audit enables businesses to guarantee that their systems are effective and deliver the desired results.

Functional Environmental Audit: An element or effect of a specific activity is the focus of a functional environmental audit, such as materials, air quality monitoring, and wastewater management audits. These customized audits give businesses the precise information they might require later. Businesses conduct audits of their waste management facilities to guarantee adherence to the relevant government’s waste management plan. The air quality monitoring audit makes certain that the company’s atmospheric emissions control plan is efficient and complies with the appropriate standards.

What are the benefits of an environmental audit?

Environmental audit is not only a legal need but also has several advantages for a company. Here are a few benefits of conducting environmental audits.

  • Environmental auditing assists businesses in identifying environmental responsibility issues and taking steps to mitigate them.
  • Auditing aids in the preservation of the environment by assisting in the identification of potential dangers.
  • It confirms consent in compliance with local laws and federal laws.
  • It fosters organizational culture and raises environmental consciousness among employees. 
  • The classification of possible cost-effective aspects that can be attained through waste minimization and carbon footprint reduction is assisted by audit.
  • It creates market strategies, builds brand equity, and motivates customers to support the business.
  • An environmental audit might be conducted to strengthen ties with potential stakeholders.
  • Moreover, it assists in trading and comparing data with those from other businesses or subordinate companies.


An environmental audit has a major part in sustainable development. It keeps organizations accountable by looking at their procedures. These audits also determine the steps that need to be taken to make sure the companies are adhering to the correct standards. However, violating these rules and regulations might have serious implications including costly penalties. As a result, businesses hire individuals with ISO 14001 certification to undertake environmental audits. Candidates enrolling in the ISO 14001 Certification Training gain the required assistance and skills needed to conduct audits in an organization. Recruiting such trained and certified experts help organizations to comply with environmental laws and regulations.

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