Over the years there have been significant incidences of workplace accidents due to various factors. This has required organizations, irrespective of its size and industry, to implement proper safety measures. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published the standard ISO 45001 to cater to such issues. The ISO 45001 Standard entitles organizations to execute standard practices of workplace safety for employees. This standard replaces the OHSAS 18001 that specified the requirements for the occupational health and safety management system.
What is OHSAS 18001 Certification?
OHSAS 18001 specializes in devising measures to control the hazards that may occur in the workplace. This standard emphasized how businesses can manage risks and enhance their efficiency levels. Additionally, the standard followed a reactive approach wherein the safety management team has to handle the responsibilities of hazard control. However, businesses are now forced to apply ISO 45001 standard to manage their workplace safety.
What is ISO 45001 Certification?
ISO 45001 is an international standard that was launched by ISO quite recently. The standard utilizes a proactive approach wherein workplace safety is applied within the entire organization. With this ISO standard certification businesses are forced to align their safety measures in accordance with organizational compliance. Furthermore, ISO 45001 standard allows organizations to mitigate any possible injury or disease which may be caused at the workplace.
OHSAS 18001 vs ISO 45001: 6 Major Differences
Let us look at the major differences between OHSAS 18001 and ISO 45001.
Interrelation between processes
The OHSAS 18001 provides a specific set of procedures that have to be followed while executing occupational health and safety system. This standard primarily focuses on drawing solutions for the known hazards that may impact the safety of workers in the organization.
On the other hand, ISO 45001 is a process-based system. On applying this standard, organizations focus on why the hazard occurs in the organization. Attaining answers for why a hazard occurs enables businesses to remove processes that have a significant impact on an employee’s health.
Method of implementing
OHSAS 18001 standard does not involve the top management authorities and their approval. A team of safety management professionals design and apply the standard to specific departments.
Businesses that look forward to ISO 45001 get to apply the standard within the whole organization. The ISO standard also specifies the role of management authorities to create an enhanced working environment. The standard is designed to consider the viewpoints of every employee of the organization.
While facing risks within the workspace of an organization, OHSAS 18001 enables the team to treat the risk and control its impact. The occupational risks are simply managed using predetermined methods.
The ISO 45001 Standard is designed to assess the risks that may occur and take steps to prevent it. Additionally, the standard empowers businesses to convert such risks into opportunities. This helps in gaining a competitive advantage over others in the industry.
Involvement of the organization
Businesses that apply OHSAS 18001 have a designated team for handling workplace hazards. Employees/workers are not allowed to participate while instilling a safety management system.
Applying ISO 45001 standard requires the entire organization to participate and give their opinions on the OH&S system. The assessment results are openly shared with the entire organization to gain inputs on designing a safety system for workers. In addition, employees are further trained to identify threats that may harm the workplace environment and take necessary action to report the same.
Structure of the standard
The OHSAS 18001 standard uses a basic structure that cannot be combined with other ISO standards for efficient business management. The standard which is designed in 2007 is not suitable for applying the universal structure of Annex SL.
ISO 45001 standard uses the Annex SL Structure which simplifies the process of integrating with other management systems. The Annex SL is designed for businesses to aggregate their management system with other standards.
Enhanced planning process
OHSAS 18001 is not fit for aligning business goals to the health and safety objectives of the workspace. The team merely analyses the hazards and reacts to protect the organization from unsafe incidents.
ISO 45001 standard is designed to link business objectives with the OH&S system. Prior to instilling the system, the standard enables organizations to know the resource availability, staff availability, and key process indicators. This helps in setting the goals and priorities of the occupational health and safety system.
The ISO 45001 standard was published in 2018 to incorporate the latest advancements in the workplace environment. This has necessitated businesses to meet the requirements as specified in the new standard. ISO 45001 has assisted various organizations to improve their occupational health and safety system within their structure.
Professionals willing to master the techniques and procedures of implementing the standard can take up the ISO 45001 Foundation Certification. Prior to earning the credential, candidates can attend the ISO 45001 Foundation Training and attend the exam. The course further assists in getting hands-on experience and real-time insights on ISO 45001 standard.