The aim of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is to create a uniform level of data protection in the European Union (EU). Before the EU data protection becomes enforceable, it is crucial for organizations to ensure their compliance with the GDPR requirements.
The Difference between the Data Protection Act (DPA) and GDPR
Currently, the UK relies on the Data Protection Act legislated in 1998, effective after the withdrawal of the EU Data Protection Directive 1995. The Data Protection Act will be automatically replaced with the enforcement of GDPR.
The Data Protection Act applies only to those in the UK, while GDPR applies to any organization that holds or processes EU citizens` personal data, without taking into consideration if the company is based in the EU or not.
The Data Protection Act requires a negative-opt, whereas with GDPR in place, organizations will be allowed to send e-mails only to people who have opted-in to receive messages.
In case of serious breaches, the Data Protection Act carries fines up to €500K, whereas with GDPR, the fines for serious breaches can be up to €20 million. Such fines could result in the closure of many businesses.
Personal Data Requests:
Under the Data Protection Act, organizations were allowed to charge a reasonable fee for data requests, and the rights for erasure were a matter of common law, whereas under GDPR these are free, and data subjects have the explicit right to ask for data erasure.
Under the Data Protection Act, the reporting of data breaches was required only if the breach was also covered by the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations 2011, however, under the GDPR, reporting a data breach is mandatory in cases when breaches put at risk the freedom and rights of the individual.
Key Steps to get prepared for GDPR
Raise awareness :
Ensure that organization`s key people and decision makers understand the impact of GDPR implementation and are able to identify areas that might cause problems during this process.
Accountability and Data Governance:
Documentation of what personal data is held, what is the source of this data and with whom the data is shared. In addition, it may also be necessary to conduct an information audit within the organization.
Communicate privacy information:
Review the current privacy notices and create a strategy for making any required changes in time for GDPR implementation.
Procedures should be checked to ensure that they contain all the individuals` rights, including the methods used by the company to delete personal data or provide data in an electronic form or an acceptable format.
Subject access requests:
Update procedures, and set a plan on how to handle requests within the new timescales and provide any additional information.
Legal basis for processing personal data :
Based on the types of data processing carried out, a company should identify and document the legal basis for processing personal data.
Review on how the consent is sought, recorded and managed and whether any changes need to be made.
When performing data processing activities, consider setting systems for verifying the age of the individuals and gathering consent from parents or legal guardians, if needed.
: Development of the right procedures and policies used to detect, report and investigate a personal data breach.
Data Protection by Design and Data Protection Impact Assessments:
Familiarization with the ICO guidance on Privacy Impact Assessments and determine how and when they should be implemented in the organization.
Data Protection Officers:
To ensure data protection compliance in an organization, it may be necessary to appoint as Data Protection Officer someone from the organization or an external data protection advisor.
If the organization operates internationally, it should define which data protection supervisory authority will be accountable for its regulation.
In conclusion, all organizations must be aware of the GDPR requirements and be prepared to comply by May 2018. They should consider this as an opportunity, thus, when preparing for compliance, organizations need to go beyond data protection and embrace data control and transparency. By doing so, businesses will have significant benefits from avoiding costly punishments, while improving customer data protection and trust.
Unichrone provides an introduction to the GDPR’s terminology and purpose. Candidates will learn how to appreciate the necessity of complying with the GDPR – ensuring that personal data is secure and that your organisation does not face a catastrophic fine of up to 20 million Euros or 4% of your annual global turnover. The multifaceted nature of the GDPR means that organisations will need to have their systems reviewed and enhanced – which will require a number of individuals with specialist hard-skills. Hence, this course offers an introduction.
Andrea is a writer, blogger and an enthusiast who has hands on IT Governance and Security systems. She is a core member of a corporate venture and helps organizations to build the powerful security system with her in depth knowledge.